Топик по английскому языку "The Russian Art - Искусство в России"

Топик The Russian Art - Искусство в России

The most important form of early Russian art was the icons. The word icon means image in Greek. Icon is the religious pictures of Christ and Saints on wooden panel. They decorated churches, mostly placed on the iconostasis. In Russia the finest icons were
produced from the midforteenth century. In that time a specific national style icon painting was formed. Russian icon painting reached the highest point of its achievement in the works of Theothan Greek, Andrey Rublev and Dionissy in the mid-15 century. Andrey Rublev is a Russian greatest iconpainter.

In 1408 he was engaged on the murals in the Cathedral of the Assumption at Vladimir when he also produced his version of the icon of Vladimirs Virgin. And well known cuch icons as Спас and Троица which was found in Vladimir. A. R. s icons is expressed a distinct filling of harmony, deep spirituality, grace and the beauty of the colors. Rs works is one of the greatest creations of medieval Russian painting. Intimate [intimeit] намекать, Severe[sivie] строгий, Distinct [distinkt] отличный, тчетливый.


Creations [krieishn] создание, творение. In the2th half of 19th century artists of the Wanderers group started painting scenes of contemporary life. Vasiliy Perov, Ivan Kramskoy, Aleksey Savrasov, Ivan Shishkin, Valentin Serov and Vasiliy Surikov were wanderers. The works of Wonderes are displayed in the famous picture galleries: the Tretiakov Gallery in Moscow, the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg.

They called themselves the Wanderers, because they wanted to realize their ideals by taking wondering exibitions tthroughout the country. The most clear represenative of Wonderers in my opinion was Vasiliy Surikov. [1848-1916]. He was the first of the W. Hewas born in Krasnojarsk in Siberia. His masterpiece was the Боярыня Морозова. [1887] Its an enormous painting-both in size and scale. A decorative surface rhythm and strong horizontals are other eharacteirctics common to Russian art, both ancient and modern, and like wise first recovered in the work of Surikov.

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